The Central Library has a separate section for museum which has a rich collection, containing the following items:
1. Old Historic Pictures
This gallery contains marvelous historic pictures of Islamia College Peshawar, Quaid-e-Azam Muahmmad Ali Jinah with the students of the Islamia college and Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayum Khan who laid the foundation of the said College, and the pictures of Mr. Abdul Rahim Kulachvi, the 1st Librarian of Islamia College Peshawar. The gallery possesses the snaps of silver as well as golden jubilees of the College.
2. Belongings of Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayum Khan
Sir Sahibzada Abdul Qayum is a very well known and outstanding figure in the history of NWFP who also laid the foundation of Islamia College Peshawar in 1913. He has great contributions towards its establishment. His belongings have been kept as a treasure for the visitors in the Museum of Islamia College Peshawar which are historic as well as appealing for the visitors and researchers.
The following items are displayed in the museum:
3. Visitor Book
The visitor book has been maintained properly in the museum section where distinguished guests/visitors record their views/comments about the library. One of the beauties of this register is that it has the hand written remarks of the great freedom leader and the 1st Governor General of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, which is a great asset of the museum and a sign of attraction for every visitor. Other well known and famous personalities have also visited this museum.
4. Model of Islamia Collegiate School
The beautiful and historic model of Islamia Collegiate School is one of the attractions of the library which adds to its beauty. It has been preserved and displayed in the museum.